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That's how Angel's mother Leah wanted their small townhouse in Pacifica, California, to look. Picture perfect. Leah says that she got the idea of giving her year-old daughter chores after Angel's school sent home fliers describing the importance of teaching children how to "become successful adults. When her adolescent daughter failed to manage perfection -- when Angel missed a task in her point list of chores that ranged from cleaning the cat's litter box to folding plastic grocery bags exactly four times over -- Leah's mood grew dark.
I'd have to go to school in my pajamas. She would ground me from petting my cat. She would ground me from my room. Having given birth to Angel when she was herself just 16, Leah says that she didn't ever learn how to be a parent. Then, when her own father died, and Angel was around 14, Leah stifled her grief with a mixture of alcohol and cocaine, which she admits affected her behavior.
Whatever the exact cause, when her daughter failed to maintain the order she was trying to bring to their home, Leah's reactions were Intimate encounter South San Francisco apartments. She would exile Angel to the communal laundry room of their housing complex. There, with the damp Pacific cold pushing in, cat vomit on the floor, the girl would be forced to sleep. Worse still were the beatings. Sometimes, Angel says, her mother would hold her down, and use scissors to cut the clothes off her body.
One day when the girl was 15, the usual discord between Angel and her mother erupted. This time, however, the conflict took a direction that would set Angel adrift in the murky space between juvenile justice and foster care. The row began in the evening over some dirt under the microwave that Angel had neglected to wipe up.
This time Angel stormed out before the punishments could start. When she came back, red-faced from climbing the hill to their home, her mother accused her of being drunk. With her book bag, Leah also took the homework that Angel had to turn in the next day. Leah burst out, and attempted to ground Angel from her room again. I tried to stop her, and was met with punches and kicks so I backed away. Leah's version is different. Instead of demanding her schoolwork, Leah says that her daughter threatened her.
Both Angel and Leah agree about the way the fight ended. An hour later, two male police officers appeared at the front door. Angel told them that she was the victim, and tried to show them the hot red welts on her arms and legs from where her mother had hit her. The cops took Angel to the Pacifica police station. From there, she was moved to San Mateo County "Youth Services Center," a juvenile hall in Belmont, where she spent two-and-half months. Finally, Angel says, her attorney told her that if she took a plea deal, she would be released faster than if she waited around for trial.
She pleaded guilty to charges of vandalism and battery and spent the next five months across the street in the Margaret J. Kemp Camp for girls. When the five months were up, no one was sure where to send the girl. Leah admits that child protective services had investigated her because of reports of abuse and neglect filed by neighbors and Angel's estranged father over the years, starting when Angel was a baby and Leah was still in her teens.
Why child protective services never removed Angel from Leah's care earlier is not clear. But when her relationship with her mother failed, and she was released from camp, it was probation's turn to act as a parent. And so it was that, inAngel became one of roughly 4, Californiren who to this day enter the juvenile justice system and are kept in group homes because they have nowhere to go or cannot be safely returned home to serve out the terms of their probation.
California's probation system is one of a across the country that Intimate encounter South San Francisco apartments federal foster care funds to take care of kids like Angel who enter juvenile justice but have no safe home to serve out their probation terms, so are placed in group homes. With the federal dollars come strings, along with memorandums of understanding spelling out for all 58 counties that their juvenile probation departments must provide case management like the foster care system would. But probation isn't foster care. It is a law enforcement agency, which means its go-to method for eliciting compliance from kids is often its power of arrest, a tactic that Intimate encounter South San Francisco apartments contrary to the goals of healing children from the emotional abuse that got so many of them caught up with the law in the first place.
Then there is the matter of what to do when this distinct subset of vulnerable probation youth reach age In the foster care system, it has long been recognized that to cut all aid at age 18 was to invite poor outcomes with disproportionately high s of foster youth experiencing homelessness, incarceration and diminished educational opportunity. When Intimate encounter South San Francisco apartments comes to children who have had the double blow of experiencing foster care and the juvenile justice system, a famous study out of Los Angeles tracking these so-called "crossover youth" showed that their transitions into adulthood can be twice as perilous.
With the outcomes of foster youth in mind, in the California legislature passed Assembly Bill 12, which extended foster care benefits from age 18 to InCalifornia began implementing AB 12, and kids like Angel, who entered foster care through probation's door, were eligible. While Angel describes her encounters with juvenile justice as painful and providing little discernible therapeutic value, they did afford her the opportunity for support past age We have a secondary system for kids that act out because they were abused.
While far from ideal, that "secondary system" provides a unique escape, unavailable in most states.
Pending legislation here in California could open up eligibility for extended foster care to even more young people who were involved in the probation system. But advocates maintain that this is not a simple policy fix. Across the state, county probation departments are grappling with how best to help these emerging adults who are often suffering the long-term effects of childhoods riddled with traumatic events, including having spent large parts of their younger days in juvenile halls, camps or probation-run group homes.
Shortly before Angel's 16th birthday, the juvenile probation department in San Mateo County released her to the custody of her grandmother, who had finally agreed to take her. While this new living situation was far preferable to returning Angel to her mother, it was less than ideal. Angel's grandmother, Wendy, had always been an anxious and at times oblivious woman. She confesses, for example, that she had no idea that her stepson had been sexually abusing Leah when she was. With Angel sleeping on a couch in her cramped South San Francisco apartment, Wendy tried to set the "boundaries" in a sort of delayed atonement for her failings as a mother to Leah.
Angel admits she wasn't an easy kid to handle. Wendy's efforts to keep the rebellious teenager in check, along with the terms of Angel's probation, which included strict curfews, came to a head one night in January of Wendy had been up the whole of the night, sewing a Victorian-era styled dress for Angel to wear at a dance the following evening.
Angel and her grandmother had bonded over tales of English aristocracy and stories of Wendy's grandmother, who had been educated in London and spoke the "Queen's English. But the sleepless night of sewing, along with the strain of a recent invasive medical procedure to remove varicose veins, caused Wendy's temper to flare and the two fought.
The rupture lasted for weeks. By March, Wendy says that Angel was increasingly elusive, staying away nights at a time. Finally one night, a worried Wendy remembers driving to the South San Francisco Police station with an 8.
When the police did find Angel walking near a San Bruno shopping mall a few hours later, she was scared of being locked up again and gave the cops a fake name. Angel pleaded guilty to giving false identification to a police officer and was soon whisked back to San Mateo County juvenile hall, where she remained for the next two-and-a-half months. When it was time for her release from San Mateo Juvenile Hall, Angel's grandmother would no longer take her in, and her Intimate encounter South San Francisco apartments home still wasn't a legal option.
Thus county probation "placed" her in a group home on the grounds of the juvenile hall. The group home, called the Excell Readiness Center, was in reality a flimsy prefab structure, where four boys and four girls were crammed into four tight bedrooms.
Angel would spend the next 10 months there. She was due for release when she turned Weeks from her birthday, Angel met with her probation officer who gave her a cursory description of the extended foster care benefits available to her. According to Angel, it was one of only a handful of times she met with her P. As she and her trailer mates were evacuated, she remembered that one of the boys had once threatened to set the place on fire. After a long and cold night spent in one of the group home vans, the kids who had been coned to the trailer were moved to the "receiving home" down the street where children removed from their homes because of safety concerns were kept until they could be placed in foster care.
Vernon Brown, the CEO of Aspiranet, a large youth service provider that ran the readiness center Intimate encounter South San Francisco apartmentssays that most of the kids were moved back to the structure within a couple of weeks.
But for Angel, the fire meant leaving probation's care prematurely and going back to live with her grandmother prior to her 18th birthday. Wendy agreed to take her granddaughter back, under the condition that it would only be for a few weeks. Once those weeks were up, as is the case for so many other probation-involved foster youth, the only thing certain in Angel's life was uncertainty.
She was not terribly clear about how to get the extended benefits her probation officer had outlined only briefly. And the idea of putting herself back into the county's hands made her anxious. In October ofthe year AB 12 was passed, youth between age 18 and 20 were supervised by probation in group homes, according to data compiled by the Center for Social Services Research at UC Berkeley's School of Social Welfare. By January of this year, the new law was showing impressive.
The of 18 to year-old probation youth had exploded by almost percent to 1, young people. But advocates contend that ificant s of probation-involved foster youth are still being excluded from AB 12, so are pushing for new legislation to open access to kids who share similar experiences with Angel.
Among those young people still slipping between the cracks are Intimate encounter South San Francisco apartments who have spent large stretches of time in the county's care but are, by happenstance, released from probation group homes to the custody of a relative before they turn All the problems that initiated the child welfare referral still remain and are not resolved.
Another group presently excluded are the otherwise AB 12 eligible kids who, for one reason or another, find themselves in a locked juvenile facility on their 18th birthday, at which point any extended benefits suddenly vanish. In October of last year, The Chronicle of Social Change published a story following the lives of three brothers who had all Intimate encounter South San Francisco apartments in foster care. The oldest, Matthew, was excluded because he was already 21 when the law was implemented.Intimate encounter South San Francisco apartments
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Angel Enters Foster Care through Probation’s Door